What are EV (Electric Vehicles)?
A Battery Electric Vehicle (EV) is propelled by electricity that is stored in a battery and used by an electric motor. BEVs are charged by plugging into an electricity source, so houses become the new ‘gas station’.
A Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle utilizes both electricity and gasoline to power the vehicle. PHEVs operate on electricity for a limited range before switching to a gasoline engine or motor for extended range. When operating the gasoline engine, a PHEV can operate like a traditional hybrid electric vehicle by using electricity alongside gasoline to achieve greater fuel efficiency.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles do not plug-in to an electricity source. Instead, they transfer the energy created through braking into electricity, which is then stored in a battery. Electricity then assists a traditional engine in achieving maximum fuel efficiency, minimizing operating costs. BEVs and PHEVs also employ regenerative braking. However, HEVs are completely dependent upon gasoline or diesel coupled with regenerative braking.
This type of HEV uses a battery and electric motor such as a starter generator to help power the vehicle and can allow the engine to shut off when the vehicle stops (such as at traffic lights or in stop-and-go traffic). Mild hybrid systems cannot power the vehicle using electricity alone. Example: Chevrolet Malibu Eco
This type of HEV generally has a more powerful electric motor and larger battery, which can drive the vehicle on just electric power for short distances at low to moderate speeds.